Thursday, September 3, 2020

The Way of Flexibility: A Model of Leadership Essay -- Leader Leading

The Way of Flexibility: A Model of Leadership ?Ensure that any model you do have is good with conventional knowledge: Admire the shrewd everything being equal.? Â â â â â â â â â â -John Heider, ?The Tao of Leadership? Â Â Â Â Â Much work has gone into considering, exploring, and creating models of initiative. Numerous models have been advanced, analyzed, applied, and either utilized or disposed of. However, for this work, there is as yet not one 'great' model or strategy for driving. Each gathering and circumstance is extraordinary, and a decent pioneer must be adaptable. The best model of authority is one that fuses various models into one worldview that comprehends that the main steady is change. Thusly, my model of authority will be founded essentially upon adaptability. Â Â Â Â Â Leadership, at that point, resembles acrobatic. It takes a specific level of physical or mental adaptability to be compelling at either. Somebody can not just proclaim ?I am an adaptable pioneer? any simpler than you or I could do a leg split. It must be animated to, and one must perceive the various aptitudes that should be worked upon so as to achieve anything. Â Â Â Â Â I suggest that a pioneer should initially comprehend the essential styles of authority and how to apply them. At that point he/she can recognize what style is the most suitable given the errand and gathering sythesis. Second, he/she should have the option to watch his/her gathering so as to choose when the previously mentioned styles are to be applied, and when issues start undermining the gathering or its undertaking. At that point, that pioneer must have the option to successfully convey and impact his/her supporters so as to fix issues, give input, and rouse a gathering to be more than the aggregate of its parts. That is the thing that viable initiative is about. Â Â Â Â Â ?Whatever is adaptable and streaming will in general develop. Whatever is inflexible and blocked will decay and pass on.? - John Heider, ?The Tao of Leadership? Â Â Â Â Â Much of what is shrouded in section 2 of ?Leadership: A Communication Perspective? has been acquainted with me before in a wide assortment of classes. The styles of administration, just as Theory X and Theory Y, are fundamental to such an extent that no model of authority is finished without being put together or possibly contacting with respect to these important ideas, so I will start fabricating my model of initiative here. Â Â Â Â Â A adaptable pioneer understands the points of interest and detriments natural in every one of the three styl... ...nd a couple of different encounters like this have persuaded in the familiar maxim that you pull in a larger number of flies with nectar than with vinegar. ?The gathering is certifiably not a last assessment for a school course. The astute pioneer realizes that the prize for accomplishing the work emerges normally out of the work.? - John Heider, ?The Tao of Leadership? Â Â Â Â Â It is my expectation that I have built up a capable model of administration emerging out of a tenet of adaptability. I trust that I can apply this model in my own acts of initiative, to assist me with building the certainty I have to develop out of my administration trepidation. I feel that a comprehension of the gathering procedure, and of the styles of administration, cooperating, can give one a ground-breaking technique for successful, adaptable authority that can be applied to various gatherings and circumstances. To begin with, by learning the styles of administration, he makes congruity among himself and the gathering. When sees how the gathering demonstrations and responds, he can make congruity between the individuals from the gathering. Furthermore, when this pioneer sees how to impact and direct his adherents, the two of them can start to play wonderful music that nobody would have had the option to play alone.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Writing on Black Paper

Writing on Black PaperWriting on black paper has many benefits. A pen that writes well on black paper can easily write in a dark room without any problems, but you won't be able to use it for writing in the kitchen, or for writing in a dark car. It is possible to work on writing in the dark by using some items on your home's interior decoration to illuminate the paper when writing.Use candles to light up your home with a soft and warm glow of light on your black paper. Light up any room you are in and help give it that warm glow. These candles come in many different shapes and sizes so that you can choose the right ones for the right room. Candle sconces work great and work well for any room.Use ambient sound to help guide your pen to write. You can set up an entire playlist for the time you need the writing done, or have it play quietly in the background while you get ready for work in the morning. Another choice for this is to use the radio, or the TV. While this might be the perfe ct choice for a normal night, it might not be as useful if you are expecting people over for dinner.Incandescent lighting or lamps are perfect for letting the light shine down onto the paper. But if you want to play a song while you are working on the paper, then you will need to use lighting that works well with the music. Try different types of lighting to see what works best for you.If you are tired of writing on black paper, then try using ink pens. Pens are available at almost any store that sells pet supplies, including Walmart. Pens that work well with writing on black paper are different from traditional pens, which are made for black and white writing.All writing implements can use lighter paper, and even colored papers to let them show off their works. But the most common types of writing devices are black and white pens, and ink pens. They can be used to write notes, make marks on the paper, or do simple research work with.Before you use your pens to write on black paper, make sure that you test a variety of different pens. When writing on paper that is different than the one you are using, you will have to go through the motions again. However, you might be able to get through a page of work on a lighter paper before you get the hang of it.Not only can black paper be used for writing purposes, but also it can be used to create beautiful things. There are many great inlay devices that can be used with black and white inks pens to create stunning designs on the paper. If you are creative enough, you can turn black paper into a canvas to do whatever you want to!

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Impact of the Current Regulatory Framework on Water Quality in Ireland Free Essays

Speaker: Aisling O’Gorman Waste Process Management Lecturer: Aisling O’Gorman Waste Process Management 08 Fall 08 Fall Submission Date: 11/10/2012 Word Count: 2387 Submission Date: 11/10/2012 Word Count: 2387 The Impact of the Current Regulatory Framework on Water Quality in Ireland: Maria McShane The Impact of the Current Regulatory Framework on Water Quality in Ireland: Maria McShane Introduction Based on the assessment of different reports, papers, archives, guidelines and enactment from various offices, divisions, orders and bodies it very well may be seen that in spite of the fact that â€Å"on paper† significant changes have been made in order to improve the nature of water in Ireland, reasonably the alterations don't coordinate. This being progress has been moderate and negligible when contrasted with the change of guidelines and enactment and the presentation of the Water Framework Directive. Considering the key significance of water as a characteristic asset both to society and environments the same it will be contended that despite the fact that the aim is there to improve the nature of water in Ireland (and there have been a few upgrades) as a generally speaking, real major physical enhancements to the water quality presently can't seem to be seen. We will compose a custom exposition test on The Impact of the Current Regulatory Framework on Water Quality in Ireland or then again any comparative theme just for you Request Now Report Firstly the Water Framework Directive will be inspected to feature its motivation, ebb and flow status and objectives for the future and how it fits into affecting Irelands water quality. The WFD was set up by the EU â€Å"in reaction to the expanding risk of contamination and the expanding request from the general population for cleaner streams, lakes and beaches† (The Eu Water Framework Directive. [online] Available at: http://www. wfdireland. ie/wfd. tml[Accessed on 08/10/12]). As per the Water Framework Directives’ site, their points are to â€Å"protect/upgrade all waters (surface, ground and beach front waters), accomplish â€Å"good status† for all waters by December 2015, oversee water bodies dependent on waterway bowls (or catchments), include people in general and smooth out legislation†1 (The Eu Water Framework Directive. [online] Available at: http://www. wfdireland. ie/wfd. html[Accessed on 08/10/12]). So as to accomplish these objectives a timetable for execution of the mandate was made, beginning from its transposition into Irish Legislation by the European Communities (Water Policy) Regulations 2003, (Statutory Instrument 722) on 22nd December 2003 (European Communities (Water Policy) Regulations 2003, (Statutory Instrument 722). (The Eu Water Framework Directive. [online] Available at: http://www. wfdireland. ie/wfd. html[Accessed on 08/10/12]). From the 22nd December 2003 to the 22nd June 2009 no Programs of Measures were really actualized so as to usefully affect Irelands water quality by the WFD. Rather the WFD built up (June 2004) and described (December 2004) Irelands River Basin Districts, presented a National Summary Report on the characterisation of the RBDs to the European Commission (March 2005), created grouping frameworks for surface water and groundwater (June 2006), set up and kept up suitable Monitoring Programs (June 2006), arranged and distributed a work program and timetable for the creation of River Basin Management Plans (RBMP) (June 2006), distinguished the critical water the board issues in every waterway bowl (June 2007), drafted RBMPs and permitted a half year for composed remark (June 2008), lastly settled ecological goals and last Programs of Measures and created RBMPs for execution (June 2009), (Water Framework Directive, [2005]). In spite of the fact that this examination and revealing is an imperative capacity of improving Irelands water quality, the time span in which this has been done implies that physical advancement has been ruined. The genuine recuperation progress made to Irelands water quality can be seen in different Environmental Protection Agency reports. As indicated by the EPA’s Water Quality in Ireland Report of 2007-2009, somewhere in the range of 1987 and 1990, 77. 3, 12. 0, 9. 7 and 0. % overviewed waterway channel length were unpolluted, marginally dirtied, decently contaminated and genuinely contaminated individually. By the 2001-2003 report the level of unpolluted streams had dropped from 77. 3% to 69. 3% which is huge, notwithstanding this the rate overviewed of truly dirtied waterways had ascended from 0. 4% to 0. 6%, slight and moderate contamination had additionally ascended by 5. 9 and 2. 6 percent individually. By the 2007-2009 report the level of overviewed waterway that stayed unpolluted had dropped again to 68. 9%, slight contamination had likewise ascended to 20. 7%. Luckily moderate and truly dirtied waters had seen a drop from 12. 3 and 0. 6 to 10. 0 and 0. 4 percent separately (M. McGarri gle et al. [2009). Taking into account that the water nature of streams for the 2001-2003 chronicle period was more advantageous than the 2007-2009 chronicle period, despite the fact that the 2001-2003 period corresponds with the execution of the WFD, features that for a time of six years that the WFD was in actuality Irelands waterway water quality declined. This supports to the contention that yes the WFD has completed reports, observing projects and drafted designs just fine, yet with no genuine important activities taken, what great is the WFD by any means? It is not necessarily the case that the WFD has not done anything positive, for instance since its presentation â€Å"the level of channel overviewed named genuinely dirtied has diminished to 0. 4 percent contrasted and the past period when 0. 5 percent was truly polluted† (M. McGarrigle et al. [2009]). It can't be focused on enough that so as to improve the nature of water in Ireland research and detailing is key, anyway the fact of the matter being made is that pencil pushing and fiddling around composing reports and archives won't recover Irelands water frameworks. Six years is an extremely long time allotment for an EU authorized mandate to make no achievable move other than talk about and plan what it’s going to do and afterward hope to arrive at its objective of restoring all waters to â€Å"good status† by December 2015. To stress the case that without acting and just concentrating on the bureaucratic side of things the WFD has obstructed its own advancement, citing’s from the South Western River Basin Management Plan (2009-2015) report will be taken a gander at. It states, â€Å"municipal wastewater release is one of the two most significant wellsprings of contamination in Irish waterways, representing 38% of the quantity of dirtied stream locales recorded (the other source being horticultural activities)† (South Western River Basin District [2010]). This isn't new news, this has been known for a long while and â€Å"the two top parts liable for the contamination of Irish waterways are city and agriculture† has even been cited in the 1991-1993 EPA water quality in Ireland report. To add to this the Nitrates Directive was set up in 1991 for the â€Å"protection of waters against contamination by nitrates from agrarian sources† (Department of Environment, Community and Local Government, The Nitrates Directive. [online] Available at: http://www. nviron. ie/en/Environment/Water/WaterQuality/NitratesDirective/[Accessed on 08/10/12]). This order really executed enactment that â€Å"required the evasion of practices by rancher s which make a danger of making contamination water courses and accommodate investigations by neighborhood specialists. They additionally accommodated reinforced implementation arrangements and for better barnyard the executives. They included arrangements identifying with seasons, climate and soil conditions when the use of composts is allowed, the base difficulty good ways from water hotspots for the use of manures and least stockpiling limit with respect to manures†. Division of Environment, Community and Local Government, The Nitrates Directive. [online] Available at: http://www. environ. ie/en/Environment/Water/WaterQuality/NitratesDirective/[Accessed on 08/10/12]). Why at that point is the SWRBD announcing that horticulture is the second greatest reason for contamination to Irish waterways, number one when this has for some time been known and number two when measures have been set up quite a while back to address this issue? To add to this they likewise cited â€Å"The primary goal according to wastewater is to meet the prerequisites of the EU Urban Waste Water Treatment Regulations (2001-2010) in full† (South Western River Basin District [2010]). Not to be unrefined, yet would they say they are without a doubt? This is sound judgment, these guidelines have been set up since 2001, and yes they would have been changed throughout the years however how in 2010 when this report came out can meeting these guidelines despite everything be only a goal? To feature further the WFDs inability to have a critical positive effect on the nature of Irish water an ongoing EPA report on the appraisal of amphibian biological system reactions to POM’s planned to improve water quality in Ireland was discharged. As indicated by this report, â€Å"results introduced propose that many existing POMs have demonstrated or are demonstrating inadequate in raising BWQ (natural water quality) and reestablishing environmental functioning† (D. Taylor et al. [2012]). A case of this can be found in the â€Å"strategic substitution of 10% of septic tank frameworks in part of the Blackwater catchment in CO. Armagh† (D. Taylor et al. [2012]). The report demonstrated that generally, earlier and resulting to the substitution of the septic tank frameworks phosphorous burdens remained to a great extent the equivalent. Related to this outcome, â€Å"in different pieces of the Blackwater, the substitution and overhauling of septic tank frameworks had no huge phosphorous fixation

Monday, June 8, 2020

His Excellency George Washington By Joseph J. Ellis - 1100 Words

His Excellency George Washington By: Joseph J. Ellis (Book Review Sample) Content: Name:Instructor:Course:Date:BiographiesOver the years, there have been a lot of literature materials that have surfaced in relation to the American history. More so, there have been quite a number of books written bibliographies of some of the founding fathers of the American nation. Each of the material captures the struggle of the entire nations and also brings out the various aspects of the founding fathers and the major roles they played in the liberation of the nation, civilization and industry. The character of the founding father also takes the central stage in the bibliographies along with their strengths and weaknesses that shaped their personalities and the nations as well. These are books that give the American history the heritage it deserves. Joseph J. Ellis is one of the authors that have taken to task his ability and experience in the historical recounts of the American history and that of the various founding fathers. A professor in history, Ellis brin gs to light one of the most intriguing pieces about the first president of the American nation, George Washington. In his book, His Excellency George Washington, which launched in 2004, gives the full account of George Washington as the president who shaped the nation at the roots (Ellis, 266).Born in the year 1943 in Washington DC, Joseph Ellis grew up to become one of the professors of history in the nation. Much of his work and study revolved around the founding fathers of the nation, and published books about them, some of which ended up being the best selling at the time. His historical accounts as elaborated in the books have been profound and have even won him a Pulitzer Prize. Some of the most famous accounts were in his recounts of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and George Washington as discussed in the paper. In his personal quest with this book, Ellis did not want to create another epic, but wanted to bring out another fresh and focused recount of Washington and his influen ce on the nation. Suffice to say that Ellis succeeded in creating a better account of Washington with a better focus that other material that have come before it. He seeks to bring out the man behind the stature and all the facts that exists in literally history (Isaacson, 93). Previously, Washington has been painted as a man that was strict and practiced strict self control at all times; however, Ellis brings a different face of the man that he shows was also passionate. He brings back the experiences that Washington had as a young soldier. The horrors and the experiences of war, with men dying at war, screaming as they are scalped and the element of learning that Washington put to his experiences with reference to guerilla warfare. There is a close relation between what Ellis writes in his book and what Walter Isaacson wrote in Benjamin Franklin: An American Life. They both draw from the young life of the president in discussion and build on their experiences that shaped the natio n and person. At the same time, there is some crucial similarity in the fact that the two authors also point out on the weaknesses that the presidents had as well as their strengths. For example, Ellis states in his book that Washington was overly concerned with his property and issues related to self control. At the same time, the book by  HYPERLINK "/c/walter-isaacson/997150" Walter Isaacson also sites the fact that Franklin had issues with his friendships with women as most of them seemed to take a mistress-like form. As such, the two books give quality recounts of the social and political lives that the president lived. However, in  HYPERLINK "/c/walter-isaacson/997150" Walter Isaacsons book, he chides Franklin citing that if he had attended Harvard much like his father had originally planned; his life would not have taken quite a beating.In another account of George Washington, Brian Kilmeada and Don Yaeger bring out some crucial pointers in George Washingtons secret six: the spy ring that saved the American Revolution. Unlike the account by Ellis, this book concentrates on the elements of the American Revolution (Kilmeade , 100). The book brings out details of the American Revolution with reference to the formation and operations of a ring of six spies that shaped the war as Washington worked to have control of Manhattan and the boroughs neighboring. Other than those characteristics exhibited by Washington, the characters of the six persons are also discussed in depth. This creates an elevated status of the ring members as part of the American Revolution and the legacy by George Washington. The account by Mr. Beck in Being George Washington: The Indispensable Man, As You've Never Seen Him. The book builds on the characteristics of George Washington and tries to put the readers in the shoes of the first president. According to this account, much like Ellis, the author also brings to the attention of the readers the fact that Washington was strugglin g with the self control. At one point, the book relates to the fact that Washington had a problem with anger management. Most of his staffs were weary of the temper issues that the president faced and the level of control that he tried to exercise (Beck, 88). According to Ellis, Washington was weary of the fact that he may loose his property. Ellis reckons that this is a common problem among the rich as they fear that their staffs are either too careless or they a...

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Passing in James Weldon Johnson’s The Autobiography of...

In 1912, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man was anonymously published by James Weldon Johnson. It is the narrative of a light-skinned man wedged between two racial categories; the offspring of a white father and a black mother, The Ex-Colored man is visibly white but legally classified as black. Wedged between these two racial categories, the man chooses to â€Å"pass† to the white society. In Passing: When People Can’t Be Who They Are, Brooke Kroeger describes â€Å"passing† as an act when â€Å"people effectively present themselves as other than who they understand themselves to be† (Kroeger 7). The Ex-Colored Man’s choice to ultimately â€Å"pass† at the end of the novel has been the cause of controversy amongst readers. Many claim his choice to â€Å"pass†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦show more content†¦Thus, he is convinced â€Å"passing† for a member of the white society would safeguard him from a life of uncertainty and violence. He is ashamed to be â€Å"indentified with a people [the black race] that would with impunity be treated worse than animals,† affirming his want to be treated as a white person to omit any violence being inflicted onto himself (Johnson 101). This observation coerces the narrator to ultimately decide to â€Å"pass† to the white society. While he declares he will neither â€Å"disclaim the black race nor claim the white race† but he would change (Johnson 101). He will â€Å"let the world take [him] for what it would,† because he refuses to go about life amidst a â€Å"label of inferiority pasted across [his] forehead,† which would occur should he claim the black race (Johnson 101). He recognizes that by intentionally â€Å"passing† he will keep himself out of harm’s way and safe from having such treatment being inflicted upon himself. â€Å"Passing,† for The Ex-Colored Man gives him an initiation into a â€Å"freemasonry of†¦race;† gaining access to a secret knowledge that is out of reach for most individuals (Johnson 59). His ability to view the world from both races enables him to experience â€Å"the attitude of the whole [community] to change,† when he is â€Å"passing† as a black; he is treated differently than when he is â€Å"passing† for white (Johnson 95). This â€Å"freemasonry† is what convinces him the white society is the dominant culture. Success can only beShow MoreRelated James Weldon Johnson Essay654 Words   |  3 PagesJames Weldon Johnson James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938), was a highly talented and celebrated African American writer. He was a poet, songwriter, novelist, literary critic, and essayist. Along with his wide-ranging literary accomplishments, Johnson also served as a school principal, professor of literature at Fisk University, attorney, a diplomatic consul for the United States in Venezuelaand Nicaragua, and secretary for the NAACP from 1920-1930. He is considered one of the founders of the HarlemRead MoreJames Weldon Johnson s The Autobiography Of An Former Colored Man And Nella Larsen s Passing3489 Words   |  14 PagesThe Theme of Passing, Racial Prejudice and Internalized Racism in James Weldon Johnson’s The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man and Nella Larsen’s Passing The concept of racial passing refers to the occurrence in which an individual is able to transcend racial boundaries. During the Harlem Renaissance, the term â€Å"passing† meant to signify mixed race individuals who were light skinned enough to pass as white and mingle freely within white society, almost completely undetected. This was significantRead MoreThe Autobiography Of An Former Colored Man Essay2265 Words   |  10 PagesMcGivern, 328). However, issuing social categories based on race or ethnicity links to biased regulations and practices. Johnson’s novel, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, examines ways racial identity is socially constructed through the segregation of Jim Crow Laws, the act of passing off† another race, and through practices of lynching. The Autobiography of an Ex Colored Man explores the way racial identity is socially constructed within legally sanctioned forms of racism and discriminationRead MoreRacial Segregation And Jim Cro w Essay2143 Words   |  9 Pageswhite supremacy place on African American life. Racism and Jim Crow were always backed by the threat of violence, moreover, the southern race relations† (Holloway, â€Å"Jim Crow Wisdom: Memory and Identity in Black America since 1940†). The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man takes place during the Jim Crow era displaying the challenges and obstacles African Americans faced during this time. â€Å"Johnson devotes much of his attention to the black middle and upper classes, their constant struggles to hang ontoRead MoreThe Autobiography Of An Former Colored Man By James Weldon Johnson Essay2267 Words   |  10 PagesThe Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, James Weldon Johnson James Weldon Johnson’s novel The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man was first published in 1912. This novel is one of the highly celebrated works during the Harlem Renaissance although it was published prior in 1912. Johnson graduated from Clark Atlanta University in 1894. He was appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt as United States consul to Venezuela and Nicaragua. He also was highly involved in the Harlem Renaissance with hisRead MoreOf An Former Colored Man By James Weldon Johnson Essay2163 Words   |  9 PagesIn James Weldon Johnson’s â€Å"Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man,† the is written narrator to be perceived at face first as an average white male, when in fact he is inherently of colored descent. Consequently, in regards to society s principle of the one-drop rule, the narrator then faces an identity complex in understanding whether he is black since society has categorized him on the account of his bloodline, or white because of his exter nal appearance. For at the end of the novel, he makes the consciousRead MoreJames Weldon Johnson s Narrative Of An Former Colored Man By F. Scott Fitzgerald2191 Words   |  9 PagesIn the James Weldon Johnson’s â€Å"Audio biography of an Ex-Colored Man†, Jonhson’s narrator at face first is written to be perceived as a white male, when in fact he is inherently of colored descent in regards to societies principle of the one drop policy. Consequently, the narrator is faced with an identity complex who finds it difficult to understand whether he is black because of societies has categorized him on the account of his bloodline, or white because of his appearance. For in the end of the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

I Got Pregnant as a Sophmore Essay - 1401 Words

Scenario: I had become a pregnant sophomore and was wondering what to do. I was so confused about my pregnancy now that Jack had said that he had nothing to do with it and he did not want to se me ever again. How stupid was I, to go with everything he had to say, otherwise I would not be in this dilemma. Not even my parents knew about this. I kept on asking myself if I had to assure them. I thought maybe the best thing was to kill myself before anyone found out about this, but it would not solve anything only depression piled in the walls of my brain that I was not able to concentrate or think of what I was doing. Only God knew what I was going through. It was only a week after I realized I was pregnant. I once had an idea of†¦show more content†¦My school work was drastically falling and made no sense at all I was just confused. I know my parents would notice the change in me but I always had a way to escape their senate. Two weeks later I had to do something that I know I will be judged for in heaven. I took abortion pills and got rid of m y innocent but unplanned for fetus. I really thought it was worth it, I wanted my life back, and unfortunately I was not able to save or rather keep my child?s. It was worth it and my parents or friends never found out but I still have issues with the Lord but I hope he forgives me and I have faith (as my other name says) that he will definitely give me a less painful and memorable side of the valley to the hill. The United States has the highest rates of teen pregnancy and births in the western industrialized world. Teen pregnancy costs the United States at least $9 billion annually. Thirty-one percent of young women become pregnant at least once before they reach the age of 20 -- about 750,000 a year. Eight in ten of these pregnancies are unintended and 81 percent are to unmarried teens. The teen birth rate has declined slowly but steadily from 1991 to 2005 with a decline of 35 percent for those aged 15 to 19. These recent declines reverse the 23-percent rise in the teenage birth rate from 1986 to 1991. The largest decline since 1991Show MoreRelatedPersonal Narrative Essay - Original Writing951 Words   |  4 Pageswas moving from Herriman to Draper. The move was accompanied with much sadness and frustration, but I have come to realize that the positive effects far outweigh the negative ones. The biggest result of the move ended up being the ward family we moved into. Other things I was ab le to do after the move were making friends and discovering many things that I could be passionate about. I am LDS and I have been my entire life. Where we lived out in Herriman my family was right on the ward boundary line

Employee Monitoring Workplace Privacy Rights Samples for Students

Questions: 1.Explain where an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace. Please ensure that you properly reference your resources? 2.What are the pros and cons of anonymity on the Internet. In what situations should anonymity be restricted (either through technology or the law) and why? 3.In what ways does blogging challenge our current assumptions and norms concerning the intellectual property laws? 4.Should the rise of the Internet affect how we view or treat intellectual property,Why or why not? Answers: 1. One of the main issues in the management of the human capital is employee monitoring. There are various ways via which such monitoring is being conducted such as checking their computers which are specifically allotted to them, video inspection, intelligence work, snooping and wiretapping. However such activities may lead to compromising the confidentiality of the employees and weaken the professional fitness and safety. But the employers encounter the said criticism by defending that by checking the work of the employees, they ensure to put in adequate controls and ensure that their productivity is maximum. Even though the legal regime supports the employers point of view, they should also give due importance to the human aspects as well which may be destabilized because of such monitoring (Yerby, 2013). Thus the basic issue in todays work environment is the level of privacy an employee can expect at his workplace since it is very difficult to draw a line between the fact as to when does an employer or an employee is seen crossing the limits. There are some specific laws and regulations formulated for safeguarding the privacy rights of employees. For example there are laws that ensure right to privacy for employees personal data and information, medical information and the screening of their background and such historical records as well. But wherever such a regulation does not exist, there it becomes difficult to decide upon how much to intervene into the work of employees. In such a situation the employers are expected to exercise a reasonable level of privacy. Thus if there exists a situation wherein it was sensible enough for the employee to expect a certain degree of privacy to be maintained, then the court of law would consider that such a privacy right existed (Mishra, Crampt on, 1998) . Consideration of whether there was a practical anticipation of privacy calls for a balancing test. Various factors are accounted for which also includes the privacy policy penned down by the company and if the employees were made aware of non-existence of such a privacy, how and whether these policies were frequently imposed, the kind of privacy rights bestowed, the nature of employers business interest, the nature of employees privacy interest, the kind of data being involved and the level of interference by the employer(Gross, 2016). Further to this an employee ensure to comply with a reasonable level of privacy when he or she is using the email system of a company so as not to use it for sending any illegitimate messages or emails to any other employee. It has also been noticed that the federal and state laws have mentioned specially about the rights an employer possesses with regards the monitoring, safeguarding, sound tracking and accessing the employees usage of the electronic devices and such other communications systems installed in the company. But if an employer adheres to all these regulations that are mentioned in the stated regime and therefore pens down the policies which are in accordance with these laws then it would be next to impossible for the employees to ensure their performance to show a reasonable expectation of privacy while using the electronic communication systems installed within the organization (Rudner MacDonald 2014). The kind of technology being used by the employee also plays a vital role in determining the level of reasonable privacy at workplace. How the employee is communicating i.e. via text messaging, or a mobile phone or a laptop and if the technology that is being used does not provide data beyond what is available to the public, in such a scenario the employee cannot anticipate to have a reasonable level of confidentiality. Similarly, a text message is such a form of communication between the sender and the receiver which is construed to be private generally. But if the medium via which such a communication is taking place belongs to the employer, in such a situation the staff members will have to give way to the expectation for reasonable level of privacy if the employer retains the lawful right to in conducting a search of the device with which such communication took place. Further to this, if an employee is using the companys email to send personal mails to the third parties, then in such a situation the employer has all rights to check the same and the staff should not expect to have any reasonable level of privacy for the said data (Smith Burg, 2012). The employer in general course has full rights to access all the computer servers of the organization without any permission of the employee to whom the same is allocated as it is ultimately the property of the company, therefore in such a situation the employees should ensure that they have no rights to exercise any demand for privacy of data. Even if the employee deletes the emails, it is still available in the in the memory which is permanently backed up by the companys computer system. Thus on a concluding note, it is understood that an employee can reasonably expect to have privacy in the workplace but with some restrictions which would safeguard the company from any harm. Although the company can take steps to check and do vigilance on the various properties used by the employee, yet the same should be done within certain limits. 2. It is a wide spread concern as whether anonymity is a boon or a curse. Those who always want to maintain privacy, promote anonymity whereas those individuals who are security conscious and the various law enforcement officials want to end the same. Thus ti is very crucial to understand the pros and cons of anonymity. The drawback to anonymity can be seen in our daily lives specifically with regards spam mails wherein the mail ids of the spammers are hidden due to which the recipients of mail are not able to complain once they receive such mails (Rigby,1995). Due to maintenance of anonymity, the users end up sending abusive mails which is impossible to complain since the identity is hidden. Anonymity on the internet may often lead to a situation of identity crisis which is not healthy in the long run. The teens or such other people who hide their identity on the internet generally lead a very insecure life. Lastly, even though it is one of the best methods to try new things but it hinders making new relations with regards those interests since there is no identity with which a person can relate to. Thus a person is known only once he is connected to the internet and once the same is off, his identity also disappears. However, anonymity on the internet has some advantages of its own as well. Many people are not very confident in revealing oneself to the outer world such as those who belong to the LGBT community. For them connecting with others is very difficult, thus anonymity is one of the recourse to the same. Further to this a person is fearless i.e. not scared of any consequences and more free in his activities. This enables them to learn and develop skills in a better manner which they would otherwise be unable to. Lastly, areas of concern about which people are scared to discuss such as abortion, terrorism, political opinions, can easily now do it online and let the world know without any fear by hiding their identity, thus safeguarding them from any such untoward consequences (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2014). After reviewing all the pros and cons of anonymity on the internet, it is understood that the same should be restricted in some situations whether via technology or legal regime. Anonymity does not restrict an author from hiding his identity since it construes freedom of speech. Similar to this the law does not restrict a person to hide his identity while casting a vote. However, there has a drastic push on the internet which forces the obscurity providers to expose the individuality of users who have been criminals in the past. Further usage of anonymity for no reason but for the sake of should be avoided because unnecessary usage of anonymous identity defeats the entire purpose. Further if the same is being used for harassing people then the same should be restricted by technology first and then by law as it is illegitimate to harass someone (Trahan, 2011). Lastly, anonymity should be restricted to such websites which are meant for kids and it is very important that their identity is revealed so that they are not allowed to post something which is harmful to the minds of the kids. 3. Intellectual property is basically protection of ones own creation of human intellect such as an artistic, literary or scientific work. It basically helps to protect the invention of a particular person thus giving the creator an opportunity to utilise his creation full fledged till a specified period of time. Its impact on the growth of the economy of a country as well as the career of the creator is indispensable in nature. Thus if such a protection is not given then the genuine creators will not be held worthy for their creation. It has a great impact on the career success of a person. IP intensive industries account for million jobs wherein the weekly wages on an average amounts to 42 percent more as compared to the other sectors whereas in the patent and the copyright based industries the wage premium is all the more greater. Thus it is well understood that the absence of Intellectual property does impact the career of the creator. I am an author and if copyright is eliminated then it would have a significant implication on my career path. I will not have any control over my work and the originality will get defeated. As soon as my work starts t get copied, I as an author will loose the creditability of the same and it will be easily accessible to all (, 2013). The amount of earnings which I would have been able to earn will get diluted and reduced since the work would be easily copied and sold at a cheaper rate. The existence of copyright Intellectual Property helps in my career as it protects the right to duplicate my work, protects the distribution rights, protects the right to develop new work basis the already copyrighted one and protection of the right to perform the copyrighted work in public in the form of movies and theatre plays. Therefore if the copyright is eliminated then I as an author will not be able to earn from these public plays and movies which would utilise the story I have written to earn millions. Further the availability of the product will be so easy that people will not buy from proper stores the original copy and thus would lead to a loss to the publication house as well as the authors career since the publishers would not welcome such an author. Therefore it can be rightly said that for an author, his creative work is his asset as it can have a very significant value in the future and can also be used as collateral. Lastly the career graph can shoot up for an author if the work is protected via obtaining a license as if the same interests others also then I can gain financially from its use by others and thus help in protecting the work legally as well (Business IP Centre., 2017). Therefore elimination of copyright will significantly drool down the career path of me as an author. 4. I feel that the rise of internet does affect how one treats or views the intellectual property. The right to protect ones own work from being copied by someone else is not a new concept but an age old one, but with the advent of the internet, it has become very difficult to control ones intellectual property. Amongst the four intellectual property available i.e. patents, trademarks, copyright and trade secrets, one of the main issue is securing the copyrights in this age of digitalisation while ensuring to make them available to the public at large. As per Section 106 of the Copyright Act 1976, a person is allowed full rights to make a replica of such information, to prepare plagiaristic work, to distribute copies or act upon the copyrighted information but there is only one restriction levied by law i.e. the copyrighted shield exists from the moment the work is comes into existence in its fixed form the copyright is said to be safe automatically. Thus the data mentioned in any web page is construed as fixed form of cyberspace that are regulated under the purview of copyright regulations (Johnson, Walworth, 2003). Further the internet has impacted the treatment of intellectual property as the law even argues to the fact that Publication is no longer a key to obtaining federal copyright. Due to this the link between a copyright and web page gets strangled. Such is the case of Martha Stewart vs Myself wherein Martha Stewart has displayed on her website the confidential hush puppy recipe which may not be under the federal copyright but if the same is copied from her web page and pasted exactly on mine then it is construed to be a breach of the federal copyright laws. But the main issue due to which the said impacts the mannerism of treating the rise of internet on the intellectual property is that the copyright law only guards the thought of a writer but does not provide any shield to the way via which the said thought is articulated. Lastly the integration of anonymity into the procedure of copying and sharing the data from the net has smeared the difference between sharing and stealing. Thus it can be rightly said that the due to the internet, the procedural requirements for protecting the intellectual property has also become more cumbersome. However the same has affected our way of treating the same with more importance than in the past with various laws stating the penal charges with regards infringement of the intellectual property which is very difficult in the world of digitalisation. The internet has made it very difficult for the originators to think and work upon something more innovative as due to the piracy via the internet, the vale has been seen declining (Stoll, 2009). Thus due to the rise of the internet and the lack in the full fledged policy for treating plagiarism of the write ups, the intellectual property rights are seen to be losing the interest. 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